Institutskolloquium PG – 24.05.2017 | Institutskolloquium PG – 24.05.2017 – Institut für Geographie

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Institutskolloquium PG – 24.05.2017

Using Remote Sensing to Study Urbanization and Land Cover Changes in Amman – Jordan

 

Jordan experienced a high rate of urbanization during the last five decades resulting in accelerated annual growth rates, and a concentration of population in main cities. Amman city has more than 40% of the population in Jordan. Understanding the characteristics of urbanization and the related ecological process will be indispensable for the establishment of a local landscape planning system. In this context, investigating the changes in land cover and patterns of urban development over time is becoming increasingly important. Multi-temporal satellite images are useful tools for monitoring and predications of land cover changes. The objective of this study is to use remote sensing and GIS to monitor the pattern of land cover and urbanization changes in Amman city between 1970 and 2009.

 

The results showed that the urban core of Amman was changed continuously over time accompanied with high rate of population growth. Considerable urban expansion was identified with the total built-ups increasing by 600 times from 75 km2 to 303 km2, while the agricultural land is decreasing with a rate of 30%. The outcomes indicated that, ecological services and agricultural landscapes became lost, fragmented, and isolated as urbanization intensified. Integration of remote sensing and GIS provides valuable information that can be used for better understanding the impacts of urban development on landscape functions, particularly in high density urban areas like Amman.

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